October Garden Guide


By Mary Jane Frogge, Extension Associate in Lancaster County

October is a good time to control broadleaf weeds in the lawn, such as white clover, dandelion and ground ivy.

Pick bagworms from evergreen plants. This will eliminate the spring hatch from over-wintered eggs.

Fall is an excellent time for taking soil samples in your lawn and garden. Soil tests will measure the pH of the soil, organic matter content and the levels of some of the major elements required for plant growth, such as phosphorus and potassium.

Christmas cactus needs special care now to get its beautiful flowers this December. Buds will form at 50–60°F or if the plant is exposed to at least 13 hours of complete darkness each night.

Plant spring flowering bulbs such as tulips, daffodils and crocus.

Cure pumpkins, butternut and hubbard squash at temperatures between 70–80°F for 2 or 3 weeks immediately after harvest. After curing, store them in a dry place at 55–60°F.

Fall watering is important for trees and shrubs. Continue to water until the soil freezes.

Dig and bring in cannas, dahlias and gladiolus. Dry, clean and store in a cool location free from frost.

Remove leaves from lawn to reduce lawn problems. Compost or shred and use them for mulch.

Cut down stems and foliage of herbaceous perennials after 2 or 3 hard frosts and when leaves begin to brown.

After several hard frosts, add mulch to your perennial flower garden. A 1-inch layer of straw or chopped leaves will help conserve soil moisture and protect the root system.

Nut trees are a fine addition to the home landscape. They may accent the house, provide shade in the summer and even become a food source.

Use dried herbs to make fragrant wreaths and dried flower arrangements.